Learning Resources: Sum Swamp
Sum Swamp is a maths boardgame that practices addition and subtraction in a simple and colourful way. What I like about the game is that it is very appealing to visual-kinaesthetic learners. Children select one of the four colourful markers (frog, snail, dragonfly, or crocodile) and roll dice to create equations that determine how they move around the board. The full instructions are conveniently available to view online: here.
The game is aimed at ages 5+ and can be played by 2 – 4 players; younger children may prefer to play two characters in case one languishes far behind the rest. Children are learning to arrange sums so that the largest number goes to the left; to recognise plus (+) and minus (-) symbols; and to recognise odds and evens. The simplest addition sum in the game is 1 + 1 = ?; the most difficult addition sum in the game is 6 + 6 = ?.
Tips for scaffolding the game (decreasing difficulty)
- You can make the game easier by using physical objects for children to count and re-group while they do the sums.
- The game provides numeral dice; consider switching to dice with dots. This helps children by giving them something visual to count.
- Provide a number line. There are various types that can be purchased or you could print one for free from Twinkl.
Tips for scaffolding the game (increasing difficulty)
- Buy a write on / wipe off dice (or other blank dice) so that you can also use the game to practice multiplication and division.
- Buy a set of beautiful gaming dice containing D4, D6, D8, D10, D10 percentile, D12, and D20 (check out colours like milkshake, undersea whispers, or supernova). This opens the game up to an older audience; for instance, you can do equations up to 20 (using D12 + D8) and up to 30 (using D20 + D10). You may need to come up with a few house rules as you move to bigger numbers; for instance: that you need to do two laps of the board to finish, or, that the maximum amount you can move forward/back in a turn is 10.